Being A Landlord
It Can Be Fun & Extremely Profitable
Have you had the opportunity to rent out a house but are unsure if you should? Do you fancy the idea of investing in a rental property?
Having the possibility of buying, maintaining and even visiting your pension is the aspiration of many.
In today's uncertain world, many feel investing in bricks and mortar is the most stable of investments that they should consider.
Being A Landlord Is Demanding Yet Rewarding
Being a landlord can be very rewarding. By renting out a property you are almost guaranteed a monthly income from the rent the tenant will be paying you for staying there.
If you like to get involved in projects then perhaps being a landlord might be the right thing for you.
You are likely going to be kept busy with maintenance and safety at your property, as well as dealing with any issues that arise.
Being A Landlord - An Overview
How Do You Register With HMRC As A Landlord?
Registering with HMRC as a landlord is the same thing as registering for self-assessment.
All that is required is a few personal details such as your name, address, date of birth, national insurance number and the date you commenced.
These details then form the basis of your registration with HMRC.
We will then undertake the registration process with HMRC on your behalf.
The registration process can take from 7 days to many weeks depending on how busy HMRC are.
It is important to understand that besides registering with HMRC as a landlord you may well have other registrations that require to be undertaken such as registering with your local council as a landlord.
Once HMRC has completed their checks and registered you for self assessment, they will then send you a confirmation letter.
This letter will advise you of your 10 digit "UTR". This expression stands for "Unique Tax Reference".
This number will stay with you for life, rather like your National Insurance number, so do write it down somewhere safe!
Now that you are registered with HMRC for self-assessment you have a new obligation!
You must now complete and submit an annual tax return until they tell you otherwise or your circumstances change.
Of course, using ourselves to undertake this task will make your life so much easier, allowing you to focus on what really matters.
Inspiring Thoughts For Landlords
Half The Battle is In The Mind - The Rest Is Opportunity You Create
"High Demand Items With Low Supply Always Appreciate - Buy Property!"
"Landlords Grow Rich In Their Sleep"
"Every Property You Buy Is Creating A Better Tomorrow For You"
The Commitments A Landlord Has
Once you are a landlord you will have certain commitments you will need to abide by.
Some of these commitments are legal requirements which you will have to bear. Some legal requirements you will need to comply with are detailed a little more below:
Smoke Alarms - You will be required to fit and test smoke alarms in all properties you rent out.
Energy Performance Certificate – An energy performance certificate should always be available to a tenant, it is the law to have one of these for your property and it should be up to date.
Gas Safety – You will be required by law to ensure that you have an inspection once a year by a registered gas engineer to make sure that the gas supply in the property is up to standard.
Deposit Scheme – in order to stop landlords keeping tenant deposits when they do not have the right to, the government invented a deposit scheme. This is where tenant’s deposits are to be either placed with a free custodial administered accountant or with an insurance scheme. If the landlord places it with an insurance scheme this means that the landlord keeps the deposit and pays the insurance scheme a premium to pay back the deposit.
Landlord Insurance – In order to protect both yourself and your property you should ensure that you have the correct insurance in place. You will need landlord insurance and property insurance to do this. It is likely that you will have invested a substantial amount of money into your rental property and you probably don’t want to risk losing this. Having the landlord insurance in place helps prevent this from happening. You will need insurance to cover such things as fire damage and water damage.
Electrical Safety – You will also need to make sure that each time a tenant moves into your property, the electricity supply in the house is safe. The person who carries this test out must know what they are talking about and perhaps be at least part qualified as they will need to know if the electrics in the house are up to the legal standards.
Assured Short Tenancy Agreement
Tenancy Agreement - You will be expected to prepare a tenancy agreement for the tenant you rent a property out to.
The agreement will confirm the amount of rent the tenant has agreed to pay each month as well as the length of the agreement and possibly even if pets are allowed in the property.
What Tax Is A Landlord Likely to Pay?
If you are a landlord you will be required to submit a personal tax return once a year with HMRC.
This will determine how much tax you are expected to pay. How much tax you pay will depend on the profit you make from your property as well as your personal circumstances. The profit made on the property is worked out by taking the rental income you received and subtracting tax deductible expenses. Tax deductible expenses can help to reduce your tax bill.
Below is a list of some expenses that are tax deductible to landlords, (if you have paid for these personally):
- Water, rates, council tax and electricity
- Building insurance, contents insurance and public liability insurance
- Mortgage interest (although this is getting phased out for non-limited landlords)
- Letting agent fees/management fees & accountant fees
- Costs associated with gardeners, cleaners
- General maintenance and repairs
Capital expenses are rarely tax deductible whilst you continue to own the property.
An expense is classified as a capital expense when you upgrade something in the property, or when you add something to the property. The initial purchase of furniture and equipment for the property is considered a capital expense too. These items are dealt with on disposal of the property at which point they reduce your CGT.
Renting out properties is not as tax attractive as it once was, for more advice on the current laws please contact us.
Go Be A Landlord!
We'll Support And Help You Every Step Of The Way...
30 Years Commercial & Accounting Experience. I'm also a published author on property investment techniques (The book was previously sold in W H Smith) and used to head up a property acquisition venture. You're in safe hands!
The Advantages In Becoming A Landlord
Fund A Pension Pot
As a landlord you will have a monthly income coming in from any tenants you have, (assuming your tenants pay on time).
This money, whilst used to pay the bills on the property will also pay the mortgage.
Therefore it is almost as if the tenants are paying into your pension pot for you, with you doing little work in the background to benefit from this.
It is more than likely that while you are renting your property out to the tenant your property is appreciating in value over time.
Bearing in mind that likely you put in up to 25% as a deposit, you are getting the return on the full 100%.
In effect this means that for every £25 you invest, you get the interest (or appreciation) on £100. Not bad at all!
Self Creating Capital
One aspect not often thought about is that of capital appreciation and how it can be used.
To illustrate: You buy a house for £100K, putting £25K down as a deposit. In time the house appreciates to £130K.
At this point, you could re-mortgage for to 85% of the property value i.e remortgage for £110,500. As the previous mortgage was for £85K then mortgage company will forward to you £25,500. This is the return of your deposit, possibly for further investment in property number 2!
Any Dis-Advantages To Being A Landlord?
Rental Income Risk
When you are a landlord there is always the risk that the tenant you have might not pay their rent.
Even if you think you have a really good tenant there is no guarantee that they are going to always pay their rent, whether they pay it late or not at all.
Aside from the worry of a tenant not paying is the risk that you might struggle to actually get a tenant.
You are not always guaranteed to have someone in your rental property and therefore while it is sitting vacant you are going to be losing money on it because you will still have to pay the mortgage and other such expenses.
Excessive Time Cost
Being a landlord can be a very time-consuming job.
This is due to the fact you will have to deal with contracts, tenants, any issues, repairs and maintenance as well as ensuring you pay your tax on time.
It is likely that you will have regular payments you will be required to make on your rental properties.
Such costs might include property insurance, landlord insurance, the cost of gas safety certificated and the cost of other such repairs.
Administering these things can seriously eat up your time!
Eviction & Behaviour Risk
As a landlord you should also know to some extent the legal procedure involved in evicting a tenant.
For example in the case of a tenant not paying you rent for a substantial period of time and you have tried to get them to pay then you have a right to serve an eviction notice but there is a procedure you must follow in doing so.
You can end up being held responsible for the behaviour of your tenants. If any tenants act in an antisocial way then you will be responsible for ensuring they don’t do it again, if you don’t make an attempt to stop the antisocial behaviour then you could be issued with an antisocial behavioural note.
A New Dis-Advantage - Mortgage Interest Not Tax Deductible
New legislation has been brought in that means mortgage interest will soon no longer be tax deductible for individuals. Limited companies can still make this claim but not individuals. This section will focus on individuals only.
Over the course of 3 years, a diminishing amount of mortgage interest will be offsettable against rental income. The effect of this is that your rental profits will rise with a corresponding rise in taxes.
Currently, the only way around this is to setup a limited company and transfer the property over to the limited company. As this is a complex area, please seek our advice on the matter.
Is Being A Landlord Worth The Risk? - An Overview
Being a landlord can be very rewarding and it is well known that a lot of individuals choose to invest in property in order to start a pension pot.
You can save the money you make but if you need to dip into it for whatever reason you have that option too.
This is one of the biggest advantages of investing in property as it can end up being security for you in later life.
It is also clear that being a landlord can be a hands on job and you will more than likely need to be involved in the maintenance of the property to ensure that it is up to standard.
It can at times be admin intensive or you could suffer rental voids (periods where there is no tenant or rent is not paid on time).
Mortgage interest rate rises and other unforeseens could wipe out any rental profits.
A Fair Viewpoint
Owning a buy to let rental property is an undertaking that needs well thought through. Good systems and ability to minimise costs are key skills.
There are many risks, but some say these risks are less or better than those surrounding traditional investment products.
However, all in all, being a landlord is in our opinion a safer and better bet than many "investment" products that are out there. Happy Landlord-ing!
Landlord Tax Questions
HMRC will tell you that if your rental profits are below £2500 then you may not need to submit a tax return. This is not entirely correct as you could be losing out by doing so.
For a more accurate answer, bring your data to us and we will ensure you end up in the best possible position.
Generally speaking, as soon as you start to rent the property! You should inform them of your rental income right from the beginning so they can send you a self assessment form at the appropriate time.
Also, any initial losses need to be registered with HMRC so that they can be offset against later rental property gains.
Generally speaking, a UK tax return will still be required to be submitted to HMRC. This is because foreign property rental income is subject to UK tax when brought into the UK.
There are some good tax breaks on foreign rental properties as they are treated differently to UK rental properties.
Yes, all incomes need to be declared to HMRC. Even if you make a loss during the year this still needs to be declared to HMRC so that the loss can be used up against future years profits thus reducing your tax bill.
HMRC will tell you "Whether you need to fill in a tax return will depend on the total rents you get and the profit you make. It will also depend on any other income you’ve had or may get, for example, from employment or pensions", however in our opinion submitting a return is always best.
The most common types of expenses you can deduct are:
- Maintenance and repairs to the property (but not improvements)
- Water rates, council tax, gas and electricity
- Interest on a mortgage to buy the property
- Contents insurance
- Costs of services, including the wages of gardeners and cleaners (as part of the rental agreement)
- Letting agents' fees
- Legal fees for lets of a year or less, or for renewing a lease of less than 50 years
- Direct costs such as phone calls, stationery and advertising for new tenants
- Accountant’s fees
- Rents, ground rents and service charges
Lettings agents are required by law to report rental incomes of their clients to HMRC, therefore if you use a letting agent then it is assured that HMRC already know about your property letting.
Also, HMRC control the land registry, so will know the addresses of all properties registered to you. Our advice is dont dodge the taxman, come and speak to us today, we will help you sort it all out!
The costs associated with the acquisition of the property are treated as part of the acquisition cost, this means they dont form part of the trading, or renting.
As such, neither can they be offset against trading gains. Instead, a note of these amounts is kept on file and offset against the gain when the property is sold. Any remaining gain is then subject to Capital Gains Tax after allowing for the annual personal exemption.
In order to arrive at the tax amount due, the original cost of the property plus all relevant capitalised expenses (i.e legal fees, renovation costs etc) are added up.
This amount is then compared to the selling price and selling fees to arrive at a "capital gain".
Any amount that is over and above the annual exemption of CGT is then subject to tax.
Yes you can. However, whether this is capitalised (for offsetting against the gain on sale at a later date) or is immediaitly offset against rental profits is a matter of decision for both you and your accountant.
If you rent a property to a connected person then HMRC may enquire as to whether the rent is at the commercial going rate.
If it falls below this rate then HMRC may decide to restrict your allowable expenses with a subsequent impact on the amount of tax you will pay.